DOS COMMANDS – Disk Operating System

ANSI.SYS Defines functions that change display graphics, control cursor movement, and reassign keys.
APPEND Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command.

Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices.
ASSIGN Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter.
ASSOC View the file associations.
AT Schedule a time to execute commands or programs.
ATMADM Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager.
ATTRIB Display and change file attributes.
BATCH Recovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file.
BOOTCFG Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini
BREAK Enable / disable CTRL + C feature.
CACLS View and modify file ACL’s.
CALL Calls a batch file from another batch file.
CD Changes directories.
CHCP Supplement the International keyboard and character set information.
CHDIR Changes directories.
CHKDSK Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.
CHKNTFS Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.
CHOICE Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.
CLS Clears the screen.
CMD Opens the command interpreter.
COLOR Easily change the foreground and background color of the MS-DOS window.
COMMAND Opens the command interpreter.
COMP Compares files.
COMPACT Compresses and uncompress files.
CONTROL Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.
COPY Copy one or more files to an alternate location.
CTTY Change the computers input/output devices.
DATE View or change the systems date.
DEBUG Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings.
DEFRAG Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.
DEL Deletes one or more files.
DELETE Recovery console command that deletes a file.
DELTREE Deletes one or more files and/or directories.
DIR List the contents of one or more directory.
DISABLE Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers.
DISKCOMP Compare a disk with another disk.
DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk.
DOSKEY Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past.
DOSSHELL A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.
DRIVPARM Enables overwrite of original device drivers.
ECHO Displays messages and enables and disables echo.
EDIT View and edit files.
EDLIN View and edit files.
EMM386 Load extended Memory Manager.
ENABLE Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.
ENDLOCAL Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command.
ERASE Erase files from computer.
EXIT Exit from the command interpreter.
EXPAND Expand a Microsoft Windows file back to it’s original format.
EXTRACT Extract files from the Microsoft Windows cabinets.
FASTHELP Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them.
FC Compare files.
FDISK Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive.
FIND Search for text within a file.
FINDSTR Searches for a string of text within a file.
FIXBOOT Writes a new boot sector.
FIXMBR Writes a new boot record to a disk drive.
FOR Boolean used in batch files.
FORMAT Command to erase and prepare a disk drive.

Command to connect and operate on a FTP server.
FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GOTO Moves a batch file to a specific label or location.
GRAFTABL Show extended characters in graphics mode.
HELP Display a listing of commands and brief explanation.
IF Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing.
IFSHLP.SYS 32-bit file manager.

Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values.
KEYB Change layout of keyboard.
LABEL Change the label of a disk drive.
LH Load a device driver in to high memory.
LISTSVC Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers.
LOADFIX Load a program above the first 64k.
LOADHIGH Load a device driver in to high memory.
LOCK Lock the hard disk drive.
LOGON Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator login.
MAP Displays the device name of a drive.
MD Command to create a new directory.
MEM Display memory on system.
MKDIR Command to create a new directory.
MODE Modify the port or display settings.
MORE Display one page at a time.
MOVE Move one or more files from one directory to another directory.
MSAV Early Microsoft Virus scanner.
MSD Diagnostics utility.
MSCDEX Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.

Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT

Update, fix, or view the network or network settings

Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.

Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.

Load country specific information.

Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.
PATH View and modify the computers path location.

View and locate locations of network latency.
PAUSE Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.

Test / send information to another network computer or network device.

Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command.
POWER Conserve power with computer portables.
PRINT Prints data to a printer port.
PROMPT View and change the MS-DOS prompt.
PUSHD Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time.
QBASIC Open the QBasic.
RD Removes an empty directory.
REN Renames a file or directory.
RENAME Renames a file or directory.
RMDIR Removes an empty directory.

View and configure windows network route tables.
RUNAS Enables a user to execute a program on another computer.
SCANDISK Run the scandisk utility.
SCANREG Scan registry and recover registry from errors.
SET Change one variable or string to another.
SETLOCAL Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else.
SETVER Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.
SHARE Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities.
SHIFT Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program.
SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
SMARTDRV Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory.
SORT Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen.
START Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.
SUBST Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter.
SWITCHES Remove add functions from MS-DOS.
SYS Transfer system files to disk drive.

Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt.
TIME View or modify the system time.
TITLE Change the title of their MS-DOS window.

Visually view a network packets route across a network.
TREE View a visual tree of the hard disk drive.
TYPE Display the contents of a file.
UNDELETE Undelete a file that has been deleted.
UNFORMAT Unformat a hard disk drive.
UNLOCK Unlock a disk drive.
VER Display the version information.
VERIFY Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly.
VOL Displays the volume information about the designated drive.
XCOPY Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.

spywarequake – my first encounter with spywares

My first encounter with a spyware/malware on my pc starts around 9:00 am. I was browsing the net for some software (shareware/freeware of course, hehehe). So I look everywhere, going to sites that I are new to me, where pop-up windows are very common, and ¬†also pornographic ads which divided my attention to what I am doing, lol. Then I downloaded the one I like, and unzip it on my harddisk. The problem starts when there are two executable files on the unzipped folder. I double-click both files thinking It was necessary to install the program. Well the first one really installs the program that I need and the second one installed some kind of a viewer for movie on the web. My first reaction was that I don’t need such program running on my pc, so I immediately uninstalled it, no problem, and restarted the pc. After that around 10:00am there is something popping-up on my notification area (systray) it goes like this.

“Your computer is infected!
Critical System Error!
System detected virus activities. They may cause critical system failure.
Please, use antimalware software to clean and protect your system from
parasite programs. Click here to get all available software.”

So got panicked and quickly press CTRL-ALT-DEL to check what are the processes running that time. I found three that seems to be new. (atmclk.exe, dcomcfg.exe and regperf.exe) I tried end process to all of them, but all of them are stubborn and keep on running. Then I search for all files created that day, and found out that my guess is right, all of them are visitors on my pc. Go to safe mode booting and deleted all of them. Yeah, piece a cake, I told myself, then go for a normal boot. Yeah,you guess it right, I still have the pop-up. At first,I said ok whattaheck, but after about 2 more hours infront of my pc, I started to get annoyed.

The pop-up is doing their job well. Chat with my net buddies and ask for suggestions on how to eliminate/destroy this thing. And what they suggest is download this, install this, etc..etc.., which I does. I tried “XCLEANER” great software in getting rid of spyware and malaware. But it still does not rid of the pop-up. I even search for manual removal, and found out the procedure is not that simple.

Patience… patience…..hey it’s 12pm, I’d better have lunch and take a nap. 1pm Ahhh a nice refreshing nap, go browsing again, in search for a remedy for this annoying malaware. And yesssss finally I found a site”” which is already tested by other infected users to be really effective. Downloaded it quickly, unzip the files, and execute it in safe-mode., reboot and TADA!!!! Yes, I finally get rid of that shit pop-up with just two clicks, hehehe. Thank to S!Ri who made SmitfraudFix. It’s one helluvah nice program you’ve done sir! 3PM and it’s gone!!!